Tagged: Environment

Green Facts Recycling Paper

Ever wonder how green is when we recycle paper? Here are some facts ūüôā

For every 1 tonne of paper we recycle we

  • save 17 mature trees
  • 7,000 gallons or 26,500 liters of water!
  • 3 cubic yards of landfill
  • 2 barrels or 318 liters of oil – you can make 4 trips from Johor Bahru to Bukit Kayu Hitam!
  • 4,100 KWatts of electricity – enough to power average malaysian house for 9 months!

Recycling paper instead of making it from new material generates 74 percent less air pollution and uses 50 percent less water.

So how many is 1 tonne of paper? it’s about 400 ream of 80 gsm paper or about 200,000 80gsm sheets!

Just think about it ūüėČ

Hey, do you know that Malaysia has a law regarding control of emission?

I used to take LRT to commute to my workplace and to other places in KL and I’m a a big fan of it ūüôā But due to¬†inefficiencies¬†in Malaysia’s public¬†transport¬†system and also change in working place(working in Cyberjaya now),¬†I have stopped using one (well..I still using it¬†occasionally¬†on weekends ūüėČ ) about a year and a half ago.¬†Imagine, what would take you usually 15 minutes commuting can turn out to be 1.5 hours which half of it waiting and ranting about the stupid system and those who didn’t queue¬†up. ¬†Not only it’s a waste of time, it adds up to pressure and also lessen your “pahala” so early in the morning ūüėõ

Anyway, since my new job is now 55KM from my home, and the nearest public transport to my office will take me at least 150 minutes to/from my office/home, I had to drive. It’s been 10 months since and I’m feeling a bit guilty that I help the earth warm up a bit. ūüôĀ

I’m kind of deviate from¬†my¬†original content now. hahhaa. The reason I’m writing this article is just to share with the members of the public regarding Malaysia’s law on Control of Emission from either a petrol or diesel vehicle. I sent an email to Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar to enquire about the law regarding the smoke emission from vehicle after seeing and breathing (i like to open my car windows — well, actually my aircond is broke but hey, morning breeze is always good ūüėČ a lot of vehicles especially lorries, busses and also motorcycles are emitting black smokes from their exhausts. To my¬†surprise, I received an email an hour or so after I¬†posted¬†it¬†in their¬†feedback forms in the website. and I get 2 people keeping me updates on the issue and within the third day, I already receive full details of my enquiries. My thanks to the team and keep up the good work!

Here are the replies from them.

Encik Lokman Hakim Mohamad Azli,

Jabatan Alam Sekitar telah menguatkuasakan empat (4) undang-undang bagi mengawal pencemaran udara daripada sektor kenderaan dan pengangkutan. Undang-undang tersebut dinyatakan seperti di bawah :

  1. Environmental Quality (Control of Petrol And Diesel Properties) Regulations 2007 – P.U.(A) 145/2007
  2. Environmental Quality (Control of Emission From Motorcycles) Regulations 2003 – P.U. (A) 464/2003
  3. Environmental Quality (Control of Emission From Petrol Engines) Regulations 1996 – P.U(A) 543/96
  4. Environmental Quality (Control of Emission From Diesel Enginers) Regulations 1996 P.U (A) 429/96

Dalam usaha mengawal pencemaran ini, yang dijangkakan meningkat setiap hari, JAS telahpun merangka Pelan Tindakan Udara Bersih ataupun ‘Clean Air Action Plan’ yang akan dilaksanakan secara bersepadu oleh agensi-agensi yang terlibat, sama ada di bidang pengangkutan, industri mahupun bagi mengingkatkan kesedaran orang ramai bagi mengurangkan pencemaran udara. Dalam hal ini juga, Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar bertindak sebagai ‘focal point’ bagi semua aktiviti yang bakal dijalankan.

Sekian untuk makluman tuan, terima kasih.

Basically, the bill states that any vehicle that are parked in public area and left idle for three (3) minutes, can be charged on this bill with a fine for up to RM 2000 ringgit. The bill also laid a guidelines on the what is the threshold for the concentrations & density of smokes that coming out from a diesel and petrol engine.¬†I hope this can be of use to anyone and the agency will enforce the law more and act on the ‘Clear Air Action Plan’ fast.

-Lokman- signing out


Earth Hour 2010: How many we could save in 1 hour? (theoretically)

I bet many people was wondering how much we save during the 1 hour we¬†switch¬†off our light. Well…this is based on my novice calculation.

Let say 1 billion user pledge to switch off 1 60Watts light bulb for 1 hour

60 x 1 billion x 1 hour = 60 billion Watts  = 60 million kWH

1 kwH roughly produce 16.44 pounds of CO2 emission

so, 60 millions x 16.44 pounds CO2 = 986,400,000 pounds of CO2 or 447,423.51 metric tonnes of CO2.

we need 2,700,000 trees to offset this carbon per year!!

Well, how much is 1 tonnes of CO2 worth

One tonne of carbon dioxide gas would fill a cube over 8 metres high.

Because we can relate to this illustration physically it provides a better sense of scale than the abstract number itself. Breaking large volumes up into discrete quantities (such as a number of one-tonne cubes) makes comparison easier. As viewers, we sometimes struggle to compare volumes, but we are very adept at comparing discrete quantities (numbers) of things.

http://carbonquilt.org/about/carbon

1 tonnes of CO2 emission will increase the global temperature about  0.0000000000015 degrees celcius

Until now, it has been difficult to estimate how much climate will warm in response to a given carbon dioxide emissions scenario because of the complex interactions between human emissions, carbon sinks, atmospheric concentrations and temperature change. Matthews and colleagues show that despite these uncertainties, each emission of carbon dioxide results in the same global temperature increase, regardless of when or over what period of time the emission occurs.

These findings mean that we can now say:¬†if you emit that tonne of carbon dioxide, it will lead to 0.0000000000015 degrees of global temperature change. If we want to restrict global warming to no more than 2 degrees, we must restrict total carbon emissions ‚Äď from now until forever ‚Äď to little more than half a trillion tonnes of carbon, or about as much again as we have emitted since the beginning of the industrial revolution.

“Most people understand that carbon dioxide emissions lead to global warming,” says Matthews, “but it is much harder to grasp the complexities of what goes on in between these two end points.¬†Our findings allow people to make a robust estimate of their contribution to global warming based simply on total carbon dioxide emissions.

via GLobalWarmingBlog

carbon footprint calculator – http://www.carbonify.com/carbon-calculator.htm

to be continued….

Breakthrough: Tadpoles as pollution detector

Engineered Glowing Tadpoles Detect Pollution

MEAD GRUVER, Associated Press Writer
CHEYENNE, Wyo. (AP) ‚Äē Here’s something cooler than a canary in a coal mine: Tadpoles genetically engineered to glow when they encounter water pollution.

African clawed frog tadpoles modified with jellyfish genes show promise as a faster and less expensive way to detect pollution than traditional methods, say a University of Wyoming professor and researchers in France.

What’s more, the green-glowing tadpoles indicate whether pollution exists in a form that can be absorbed by an organism and therefore might be dangerous to people. That’s more difficult with conventional methods

via cbs4denver

So guys/gals, next time you run from tadpoles, its better be because of the water pollution not because they are yucky :p

-Lokman-

Congrates MHS

KUALA TERENGGANU: Night market shopping has gone green with biodegradable non-woven fabric bags courtesy of the Terengganu chapter of the Malaysia Hindu Sangam (MHS).

Project coordinator Toh Puan Dr Usha Menon said excessive use of plastic bags at night markets had prompted the MHS to start an awareness campaign among shoppers on how to play their part in protecting the environment.

A recent study showed that in Terengganu alone, an estimated 1.5 million plastic bags were being used and discarded daily.

The number could soon reach a point of no return if the public did not change their could-not-care-less attitude….

via nstp

It’s good to hear another party joining the green revolution! Hopefully many will follow MHS example, to create more and more awareness in our locals about the environment. Good job MSH!!